The role of psychostimulants in fatal stroke among young people
Professor Shane Darke
Dr Julia Lappin
Professor Johan Duflou, University of Sydney
Dr Sharlene Kaye, NSW Health
Project summary: This study will examine all cases of fatal stroke in Australia amongst young people (<45 years) over the period 2009-2016, to determine the role of psychostimulants in these events.
Rationale: Stroke can be a catastrophic consequence of methamphetamine use. Recent work on methamphetamine-related death documented 38 cases of methamphetamine-related stroke, 2.3% of all methamphetamine-related deaths. The role of methamphetamine, and other psychostimulants such as cocaine, in the overall causation of fatal stroke in Australia amongst young people (<45 years) is unknown.
1. Determine the proportion of cases of fatal stroke amongst people aged <45 years in which psychostimulants were present in the blood, 2009-2016;
2. Determine trends over the study period in the contribution of psychostimulant-related stroke to overall stroke amongst young people;
3. Determine the relative role of psychostimulants in overall ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke amongst young people in Australia;
4. Determine the sites in the brain of strokes amongst cases of fatal psychostimulant-related stroke and other cases of stroke amongst young people.
Design and method: Examination of all cases of fatal stroke amongst young people in Australia recorded in the National Coronial Information System.
Benefits: The project will provide the first national data in the world on the contribution of psychostimulants to fatal stroke amongst young people.
For full details please visit the NDARC website.